Our mission is to educate the public about the problems with pesticides, how they affect the wildlife food web and our total environment, and to offer viable solutions. Pesticides are in the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat. The overall health of our children, pets, wildlife and environment is our goal.
We are a 501(c)(3) nonprofit (ID 95-4116679)
Facebook: Poison Free Malibu Facebook Page
Table of Contents for Environmental Pesticides (opens new pages)
- Pesticides in Our Environment
- Pesticides in Our Schools
- Soil Regeneration
- All Things Are Connected
- Santa Monica Mountains Fund Campaign Against Rat Poison
- Huffington Post articles about Hawaii by Maggie Sergio
- News Articles
- Poisoned Animals
Table of Contents for Rodent Poison Information (this page below)
- Photos of affected animals
- City of Malibu Resolution Opposing Rodent Poisons
- The Chain of Death and statistics on poisoned animals
- Danger to Children and Pets
- Poison bait stations/boxes – the source of much of the poison
- Poison Free Businesses – Thank you!
- Alternatives for rodent control without poisons – Repel, Exclude, Deter
- Friends and Allies
- Recent laws and regulations restricting rodent poisons.
PREEMPTION – What Cities and Counties can do to Take Back Control Over Pesticides
- Newspaper articles, blogs, and other articles
- Technical and academic articles
- Cities and counties that have passed resolutions opposing rodent poisons
- Photos of US!
- Earth Friendly Angels (contributors of $1000 or more)
- Italy Section
- Please click here to donate
Here is what rodent poison is doing to our wildlife –
Found in Point Mugu State Park. Link to NPS report here.
Mountain Lion P-22, The Heroic Griffith Park Mountain Lion
P-22 had been featured in National Geographic Magazine.
Click HERE for a Los Angeles CBS news video on P-22.
A National Public Radio story here.
The National Park Service press release detailing how 1st generation anticoagulant rodent poisons were the culprit is here. The 2nd generation anticoagulants are the only ones recently banned for consumer use, but this is an indication that the 1st generation anticoagulants are also doing tremendous harm.
Sick with mange caused by 1st generation anticoagulant rodent poisoning – diphacinone and chlorophacinone.
CITY OF MALIBU RESOLUTION OPPOSING RODENT POISONS
July 8, 2013
“The City Council urges businesses in Malibu to no longer use or sell anticoagulant rodenticides, urges all property owners to cease purchasing or using anticoagulant rodenticides on their properties in Malibu and commits the City of Malibu to not use anticoagulant rodenticides as part of its maintenance program for City-owned parks and facilities.”
How rodent poisons spread through the ecosystem, poisoning the wildlife
Malibu is adjacent to thousands of acres of National, State, County and City Parks and other preserved natural land. Modern supertoxic rodent poisons are spreading throughout the ecosystem causing massive exposure, disease, and death beyond the intended targets. Our goal is to have all the communities surrounding our mountains taking strong stands against the poisoning that is now occurring.
Scientific studies tell us that rodent poisons are a leading cause of death among carnivores. Rodent poisons kill the targeted species, but non-targeted species as well. The animals in the food chain consuming the poisoned rodents include – Golden Eagles, Great-horned Owls, Barn Owls, Hawks, Kestrels, Turkey Vultures, Black bears, Pigs, Fishers, Foxes, Badgers, Snakes, Skunks, Raccoons, Bobcats, Coyotes, Mountain Lions, among others.
• Click here to watch (and share) a simple and effective 2 minute video by Steve Byerly of the Ventura County Start describing how the poisons go up the food chain.
• Click here to watch a 14 minute video by Dr. Seth Riley, Wildlife Ecologist of the Santa Monica Mountains National Park Service and adjunct professor at UCLA. It is an excellent introduction to the science of what is happening.
• Words of wisdom from Duane Tom, Chief Veterinarian at the California Wildlife Center in Malibu – On Common Ground: Rodenticides, an unnecessary poison Bottom line: “There is no good long-term reason for using any form of rodenticide. By controlling their populations through natural means, we can help preserve the natural ecosystem health of all wildlife that lives around us.”
Rodent Poison Going Up the Food Chain – courtesy of UrbanCarnivores.com
These are animals that we rely on to do our natural rodent control, and we are poisoning them. By killing owls and hawks, we are removing nature’s own rodent control system. A rodent dying from rodent poisoning is easy prey. Eating the poisoned rodents causes their consumers to bleed uncontrollably internally and die slow and agonizing deaths. The weakened immune system produces extreme emaciation, dehydration, and mange that can take weeks to kill the animal.
There are extensive studies with overwhelming evidence of the carnage that rodent poisons have been causing nationwide and in our own surrounding Santa Monica Mountains. Here are some examples. Numbers in “[ ]” refer to documents in the Section “Technical and Academic Articles” below.
– 83% of coyotes in the Santa Monica Mountains were exposed to rodent poisons .
– 92% of bobcats tested in the Los Angeles area have been exposed to rodent poisons .
– The complete loss of bobcats from many open space areas in the Conejo Valley due to increased vulnerability to the deadly disease mange, caused by exposure to rodent poisons .
– Survival rate (percentage that live from one year to the next) plunged from 77% to a low of 23% in 2004. The reduced population’s survival rate has recovered somewhat to 58% .
– In a study of 195 bobcat blood samples in five southern California counties, the 1st generation anticoagulant diphacinone was found in 77% of the bobcats in which anticoagulants were detected. This emphasizes that the 1st generation anticoagulants are also doing tremendous harm, not just the more widely restricted 2nd generation poisons. See www.urbancarnivores.com/laurels-blog.
– Three studies:
- Of 104 mountain lions tested California-wide from 2005 to 2011, 82 contained rodent poisons, with 78% containing more than one kind .
- Of 28 mountain lions found in eight California counties that were tested between 1997 and 2011, 100% tested positive for at least one of the 2nd generation rodent poisons, 96% tested positive for brodifacoum, 93% tested positive for bromadiolone, 39% tested positive for difethialone and 61% tested positive for the 1st generation rodent poisons diphacinone.
Note that this 1st generation anticoagulant is doing tremendous harm also, not just the more restricted 2nd generation anticoagulants.
- 14 out of 14 mountain lions tested by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife in 2012 had rodent poisons .
– 2 Simi Valley mountain lions (P3 and P4) were documented to have died directly from rodent poison exposure.
– Last October 2012 a young female mountain lion (P25) was found dead by hikers with rodent poisons in her system in Point Mugu State Park, Malibu.
– A Department of Fish and Wildlife study stated “as of 2010, 92% of raptors (owls and hawks) collected in San Diego County and 79% collected in the Central Valley contained anticoagulant rodenticides” 
– 85% found exposed to rodent poisons of 101 studied for exposure . Fishers are cat-sized weasel-type carnivores that live in the rugged portions of the southern Sierra Nevada and are candidates for listing under the Endangered Species Act.
San Joaquin Kit Foxes
– 74% of 68 foxes sampled of this endangered variety studied near Bakersfield, California were exposed to anticoagulant poisons . This subspecies is listed as Federal Endangered and California Threatened, primarily due to profound habitat loss and degradation throughout its range.
• National Park Service summary letter
Here is a letter from the National Park Service dated July 8, 2013 in support of the Malibu anti-rodent poison Resolution – NPS Letter to Malibu. It summarizes the situation, including the statement – “Our research suggests an interaction between anti-coagulant rodenticide exposure and death from mange and mange deaths resulting in the complete loss of bobcats from many open space areas in the Conejo Valley.“
• No Safe Poisons – Children & Pets
Current studies have proven that there are no safe poisons that can be used around wildlife, pets, and children. Approximately 10,000 children a year are accidentally exposed to mouse and rat baits, as graphically described in this Scientific American article. Ten rodent poisons have been identified by the US EPA as being particularly dangerous – Brodifacoum, Bromadiolone, Bromethalin, Chlorophacinone, Cholecalciferol, Difenacoum, Difethialone, Diphacinone, Warfarin, and Zinc Phosphide. They are specifically referenced in the US EPA document “Risk Mitigation Decision for Ten Rodenticides, May 28, 2008 (revised June 24, 2008)”. These and all other rodent poisons should be abandoned for rodent control in California.
Here are references on the danger to pets:
- 50,000 dogs a year poisoned – National Poison Data System
- Rodenticides top poison control calls in 25 states
- May Cause No Symptoms for 3 to 5 Days, But Swift Action Could Be Life Saving
- Rat Poisoning in Dogs
- Bromethalin: The Stealth Poison
- Veterinarians concerned for pets
- 10 Most Common Ways Dogs Are Accidentally Poisoned
- Causes Fast-Acting Death Within Days and Has No Antidote — Keep It Far Away From Pets
- Video: Anticoagulant Poisoning and Dog and Cat Treatment
It is imperative that we do our part to stop the use of poisons to control rodents and to prevent these poisons from killing other species that feed on them.
• There is much more information at Dr. Laurel Serieys’s Urban Carnivores website:
Dr. Laurel Serieys is a researcher at UCLA’s Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Her website is the place to start.
– Home Page www.urbancarnivores.com
– Please read Laurel’s advice – NO POISON IS A GOOD POISON www.urbancarnivores.com/poisons
– Laurel’s blog, including her latest research: www.urbancarnivores.com/laurels-blog
– How to identify anticoagulant rodent poisons
A detailed 10-page summary of rodent poison types is here: Poison Types Summary. It includes anticoagulants and non-anticoagulants.
First, please read the section in Laurel’s Urban Carnivores website No Poison Is A Good Poison (near the center of the long page). There is no poison that does not present a risk to wildlife, pets, and humans. At present, the strongest documented data points to anticoagulant rodent poisons as being the most damaging to wildlife.
There are two categories of anticoagulants. LOOK AT THE PRODUCT LABEL to determine the type of poison.
1) Second generation. Products that have any of the following active ingredients are in this category: brodifacoum, bromadiolone, difethialone, and difenacoum. These are the most advanced, and dangerous, poisons. They are banned for consumer use in the United States, but are VERY commonly used by the professional pest control companies.
2) First generation. Most common active ingredients are diphacinone, chlorophacinone, and warfarin. These are less potent, BUT —
– 1st Generation Anticoagulant Rodent Poisons are not the solution!
2nd generation anticoagulants get most of the bad publicity and blame for poisoning wildlife, but recent research suggests that 1st generation anticoagulants (diphacinone, chlorophacinone and others) are no better. Here is a handout we made summarizing the evidence concerning the far more abundant 1st generation anticoagulants.
• We’ve got to get rid of these – poison bait boxes!
Please help stop the use of poisons to control rodents and to prevent these poisons from killing other species that feed on them. The first step is to identify the poison bait boxes where the rodents load up on poisons and then leave, initiating the Chain of Death. Please see this TV news story to see the bait boxes at their worst.
• Local Poison Free Businesses
Our educational campaign resulted in Malibu merchants removing all rodent poison products from their shelves. There had been six – Ralphs, CVS Pharmacy, Pavilions, Malibu Hardware, A&B Plumbing, and Malibu Ranch Market. Ralphs, RiteAid, and Albertsons in Calabasas; and Agoura Feed and Roadside Lumber in Agoura Hills have also enthusiastically removed their poison products.
Please THANK these local merchants!
We would also very much like to recognize the following local Malibu businesses that do not use poisons, but instead use careful sanitation practices.
THIS IS THE PROOF THAT POISONS ARE NOT THE WAY TO GO BECAUSE …
They have no exposed garbage, no rodent problem, and no poisons!
Please patronize and thank them!
We also have noticed that businesses that do not clean up their garbage STILL HAVE RODENTS, NO MATTER HOW MUCH POISON THEY USE!
• Alternatives for Rodent Control without Poisons – THE SOLUTION IS SIMPLE! REPEL, EXCLUDE, DETER!
- SEE R.E.D.: Click here for a two page summary of suggestions: Repel Exclude Deter rodents.
- From the San Francisco Chronicle, “Flowers That Deter Animals” include “aromatic annual herbs, such as mint, lavender and catnip. For perennial plants that repel mice, consider amaryllis (Amaryllis), lavender (Lavandula) or daffodils (Narcissus).”
- Sour clover repels rodents. See: Gopher Stopper Clover
- Understand that rodents are part of the food chain for owls, hawks, foxes, bobcats, coyotes, mountain lions, and many others.
- For professional help, hire a rodent exclusion/proofing company instead of a conventional poison-supplying pest control company. They SOLVE the problem by removing the causes and entryways, with guarantees, not set you up for a monthly bill to re-supply unnecessary poisons. Example in southern California:
www.greenratcontrol.com Phone: 855-856-8585
- After sealing up, use traps to remove rodents left inside. Outside traps are unnecessary.
- NEVER use sticky/glue traps! This is a cruel and inhumane method. Here is what animal organizations say about them:
• Humane Society: http://www.humanepestcontroltips.com/sticky-glue-mouse-traps
• People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals: http://www.peta.org/issues/wildlife/wildlife-factsheets/glue-traps/ and
• CARE2: http://www.care2.com/causes/7-humane-alternatives-to-glue-traps.html
• Wildcare: http://wc.convio.net/site/PageServer?pagename=TakeAction_GlueTraps
This is what feeds and produces rodents – GARBAGE!
Trash CANNOT overflow and LIDS MUST BE CLOSED and the area clean.
Watch this video that shows what happens with open trash – rats overrunning neighborhood: http://www.whec.com/news/rats-overtake-irondequoit-blame-dumpster-residents/4479763/
• California Department of Pesticide Regulation:
Excellent series of YouTube videos on what to do to control rodents. It is specifically for schools, but the strategies are the same for anyone —
Integrated Pest Management for Schools.
There are short videos for
Rats and Mice, Gophers, Pest Proofing Buildings, and others.
• Where to discard rodent poisons
Rodent poisons CANNOT go into ordinary trash pickup, or even some of the “hazardous household waste” events in many cities. They must be taken to special Collection Centers at specific days and times. In Los Angeles City and County, these Centers can be found at
Information on where to bring hazardous waste in Ventura County can be found at the following link. Please check which Centers accept rodent poison by calling the indicated phone numbers: portal.countyofventura.org/portal/page/portal/PUBLIC_WORKS/wasteManagement/hazardous_waste/haz_waste_collection_events
• Putting Cats to Work
– Great place to get owl boxes, installation, and knowledgeable people, in Sherman Oaks: Wild Wings LA
– The Citizens for Los Angeles Wildlife is promoting an owl box program in the city of Los Angeles. See this link.
– Buying Barn Owl boxes, and a lot of information about them: www.barnowlbox.com and www.naturesremedy.co/
– Barn Owls as a means of rodent controls: www.hungryowl.org
– How to build your won Barn Owl Box: BuildingBarnOwlBoxes
– Barn Owls in Integrated Pest Management
– Non-Toxic Rodent Control
– Barn owl boxes in vineyards in Lodi, CA
– Pamphlet on barn owl boxes
– Barn owls help clean up rodents naturally From the University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources
– Raptors are MORE EFFECTIVE THAN POISONS for limiting rodent damage to dikes, dams, and levees. Flood control is very important in Ventura County. They must prevent burrowing rodents from damaging water flow structures. They did a careful study and now will the County will be removing poison bait stations and replacing with owl boxes and raptor perches. Press release is here, and the full 93 page study is here.
– Israel has made a huge investment in owl boxes for agricultural, and it is paying off:
a) The Israeli-Jordan barn owl love that knows no borders
b) Israel leads the way using Barn Owls and Kestrels to replace Rodenticides
c) Project Bird Box Israel
California is using them too: Potential for Barn Owl as Rodent Biological Control in Central California Vineyards: digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1018&context=biosp
Barn Owls are declining because of habitat loss and rodent poisoning. This Barn Owl could hear my heart beating.
The Barn Owl has excellent low-light vision, but its ability to locate prey by sound alone is the best of any animal that has ever been tested. It can catch mice in complete darkness in the lab, or hidden by vegetation or snow out in the real world.
A barn owl will eat at least 10,000 rodents a year. For every owl that dies prematurely from poisoned rodents, 10,000 extra rodents are free to multiply.
If we don’t want the rat population to explode we must STOP USING RAT POISONS. All poisons kill the predators as well as the “so called pest.” In the long run your problem becomes harder to manage. The food chain if allowed to thrive will keep the balance. As we always say, “No Poison Is Safe.”
• Cars/Automobiles. Hints for keeping them out.
- Leave the hood up. Rodents are looking for a dark place to nest. This idea may help discourage nesting, but may not be practical in all situations.
- Store your dog food, cat food, and birdseed. Place all food in strong containers.
- Remove or seal off rat hiding places near the car. Cut down nearby shrubbery and vines where they can hide. Plant any of the mint varieties around the area. If you have a garage, block entrances to the building, spray them with substances or solutions that rats hate (see below).
- Block small entrances to the engine. Some block engine openings with wire screen.
- Use electronic deterrent devices. Rodents can hear ultrasound. Strobe lights like Mouse Blocker or Rid-a-Rat may work for longer periods, as they disrupt the darkness that rats prefer.
- Make your engine and its entrances smell bad, at least to rats. Motorists have had success with peppermint oil, Predator urine, used cat litter, cat hair, dog hair, Pine-Sol, Irish Spring soap, red pepper, fresh Cab, and laundry dryer sheets. The people who make “Rataway” tell you to spray it on all the wires in the engine.
- Do not let the car sit unused. Drive it once in a while.
- Honda Motor Tape. It is infused with pepper and perhaps some other deterrent and is used to wrap the wire harness.
- Promote biodiversity – consider installing an owl box and raptor pole
Our Informational Pamphlet and others from Cities
Poison Free Malibu’s pamphlet:
And this one is from the city of Malibu Environmental Sustainability Department –
City of Calabasas Environmental Commission’s Pamphlet –
• Friends and Allies
– Raptors Are The Solution
The leader of this effort in northern California is Lisa Viani who heads up the Raptors Are The Solution organization.
She has a lot of up-to-date news on her Facebook page –
Her website has some more information and links –
Lisa has put three great videos on YouTube – www.youtube.com/user/raptorsrthesolution
– California Wildlife Center
The CWC takes responsibility for the protection of all native wildlife through rehabilitation, education and conservation. – cawildlife.org
– Santa Monica Mountains Fund
Protecting the Santa Monica Mountains and the wondrous species that call it home. – samofund.org
– Las Virgenes Homeowners Federation
The voice and conscience of the Santa Monica Mountains since 1968 – lvhf.org
– Wildcare of SoCal
Through the efforts of concerned and caring humans, many animals can be rehabilitated. Wildlife Care of SoCal is a group of volunteers dedicated to helping individual wild animals in need. – wildcareofventura.org
– Santa Susana Mountain Park Association
Preserving and protecting the Santa Susana Mountains and Simi Hills of Southern California – ssmpa.com
– Sierra Club San Fernando Valley
A very active chapter and strong supporters of protecting wildlife – angeles2.sierraclub.org/san_fernando_valley_group
– National Parks Conservation Association
The mission of the National Parks Conservation Association is to protect and enhance America’s National Parks for present and future generations – www.npca.org
– Topanga Creek Watershed Committee
The mission of the TCWC is to preserve, protect and improve the health and well-being of the Topanga Creek Watershed by educating stakeholders to act in support of this valuable and fragile ecosystem. We actively promote non-toxic and bio-friendly solutions to environmental issues, and oppose the use of herbicides and pesticides.
– Topanga Wildlife Youth Project
• Recent Laws and Regulations Restricting Rodent Poisons
– “State Preemption Law – The battle for local control of democracy”
Why can’t any city or county control the use of rodent poisons or other pesticides? We get asked this all the time. This article explains how the agriculture and pest control industries put through a law preventing local cities and counties from regulating pesticides. It all started when Mendocino County tried to protect their children from being sprayed with herbicides. The agriculture and pest control industries fought Mendocino County all the way to the California Supreme Court and they LOST! So then their lobbyists went to the California Legislature and had a special law, called “Preemption” passed to take away the ability of local jurisdictions to control pesticides!
Here is what you can do to counter preemption in your state: –http://midwestpesticideaction.org/repeal-pesticide-preemption
• California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR)
new rules banning 2nd gen anticoagulants from consumers use – July 1, 2014.
– Here is the official CDPR website stating and explaining the new July 1, 2014 regulations banning consumer use of 2nd generation anticoagulant rodent poisons. Includes technical arguments supporting the rule change in the document “Initial Statement of Reasons” and responses to public comment in “Attachment A” of Final Statement of Reasons.
• New Santa Monica Mountains Local Coastal Plan banning all anticoagulant rodent poisons – October 10, 2014.
– Former Los Angeles County Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky spearheaded a major revision of the development regulations for the unincorporated areas of the Santa Monica Mountains within the Coastal Zone boundary. See a map for where it applies here. One of its clauses reads –
“The use of insecticides, herbicides, anti-coagulant rodenticides, or any toxic chemical substance which has the potential to significantly degrade biological resources in the Santa Monica Mountains, shall be prohibited, except where necessary to protect or enhance the habitat itself …”
All the details are here at planning.lacounty.gov/coastal/smm.
See especially clause CO-58 in the “SMM LCP Land Use Plan”
• State Bill AB 2657 – September 10, 2014
– State Assemblyman Richard Bloom successfully put through a law signed by the Governor on September 19, 2014. It bans the use of 2nd generation anticoagulant rodent poisons on state wildlife habitat areas, meaning state parks, wildlife refuges, and conservancies. The official bill can be found here –
• State Bill AB 1687 – January 2017
– We are working with State Assemblyman Richard Bloom and allied organizations to further restrict rodent poisons in California. This is in progress. Our first attempt, AB 2596 had the support of a coalition of 57 conservation, public-health, research and wildlife-rehabilitation groups, the city of Malibu, Marin County, the mayor of Richmond and more than 45,000 people. The current official bill wording, which may evolve, can be found here – AB 1687
Blogs and other articles
Here is a link to morenews articles – Recent Articles
– Blog by our great nature journalist for the Malibu Surfside News, Suzanne Guldimann. Here is the main page and two articles on rodent poisons and wildlife.
– “Silent Spring Revisited”
Article from the Kansas Audubon Society illustrating how the process of collusion among the rodent poison chemical companies, academic researchers, and the EPA allow clearly damaging poisons to be applied for short term financial benefit.
– It’s not just the California, or the USA. It’s all over the world.
“Nearly No Barn Owls Left in Ireland“
– Blog by Stella McMillin of the California Department of Fish & Wildlife Wildlife Investigations Laboratory
– “The Food Chain of Rodenticide“
January 20, 2014 three minute radio story on American Public Media’s MarketPlace
– TED Talk. “For more wonder, rewild the world”. Wonderful talk on how restoring the top carnivore, in this case wolves, restores an entire ecosytem:
The Malibu Surfside News, its former Editor/Publisher Anne Soble, and its great environmental reporter Suzanne Guldimann are a major reason we started this campaign.
– “Banning Rodenticides: The Next Hurdle” from the Malibu Surfside News, December 13, 2012. Editorial.
– “Concerns about Rodenticide Impact on Wildlife Prod Efforts to Curb Use” from the Malibu Surfside News, December 6, 2012. Malibu Agricultural Society effort to stop sales in Malibu.
– “Use of Rodenticides at High School Raises Issues of Health and Safety” from the Malibu Surfside News, September 15, 2011.
– “Rodenticide information session draws out Malibu activists” from the Malibu Surfside News, March 17, 2014.
• Technical and Academic Articles
1) California Department of Pesticide Regulation on their new rules to ban consumer use of 2nd generation anticoagulant rodent poisons.
BEST SINGLE SUMMARY and review of the latest data on the damage to wildlife in California. June 27, 2013 memorandum from Deborah Daniels, Senior Environmental Scientist to Ann Prichard, Chief, Pesticide Registration Branch, both of the California Department of Pesticide Regulation.
2) These are two long technical reports from a scientific panel reporting to the US Environmental Protection Agency. There is a lot of information not found easily elsewhere. In particular they discuss several different kinds of rodent poisons, including first generation anticoagulants, second generation, and non-anticoagulants such as bromethalin and strychnine.
SAP EPA response-2013-0049-0002
3) Slides from November 2012 presentation by Stella McMillin of the California Department of Fish & Wildlife Wildlife Investigations Laboratory – “Anticoagulant Rodenticides: Secondary Poisoning of Wildlife in California“
4) Coyotes. Gehrt SD, Riley SPD. In book Urban Carnivores edited by SD Gehrt, SPD Riley, BL Cypher. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 79-95 (2010).
a) L. E. K. Serieys, T. C. Armenta, J. G. Moriarty, E. E. Boydston, L. M. Lyren, R. H. Poppenga, K.R.Crooks, R.K.Wayne, S.P.D.Riley, “Anticoagulant rodenticides in urban bobcats: exposure, risk factors and potential effects based on a 16-year study,” Ecotoxicology (2015) 24:844–862. (This is a link to the abstract. Email email@example.com if you would like the full article.)
b) Riley SPD, Boydston EE, Crooks KR, Lyre, LM. In book Urban Carnivores edited by SD Gehrt, SPD Riley, BL Cypher. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 121-138 (2010).
c) Also, see Riley, SPD, et al, “Anticoagulant Exposure and Notoedric Mange in Bobcats and Mountain Lions in Urban Southern California,” Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(6):1874-1884 (2007).
6) Mountain Lions. July 11, 2011 Letter from John McCammon, Director, California Department of Fish and Game to Christopher Reardon, Acting Director of California Department of Pesticide Regulation.
7) Mountain Lions. Table 4, page 11 of June 27, 2013 memorandum from Deborah Daniels, Senior Environmental Scientist to Ann Prichard, Chief, Pesticide Registration Branch, both of the California Department of Pesticide Regulation.
8) Owls and Hawks (Raptors). Lima, L. L., and Salmon, T. P. “Assessing some potential environmental impacts from agricultural anticoagulant uses.” Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference24:199–203 (2010).
a) Gabriel, M.W., et al, “Patterns of Natural and Human-Caused Mortality Factors of a Rare Forest Carnivore, the Fisher in California“, Public Library of Science One, 0140640, #11, Vol. 10, November 2015.
b) Gabriel, M. W., et al, “Anticoagulant Rodenticides on our Public and Community Lands: Spatial Distribution of Exposure and Poisoning of a Rare Forest Carnivore.” Public Library of Science One, 0040163, #7, Vol. 7, July 2012.
10) “Potential Risks of Nine Rodenticides to Birds and Nontarget Mammals: A Comparative Approach,” William Erickson and Douglas Urban, US Environmental Protection Agency, July 2004. This 230 page report is an often cited classic in the field.
11) The Center for Biological Diversity is a national leader protecting the environment, including legal action. This is a detailed summary of their argument to the California Department of Pesticide Regulation – www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/pesticides_reduction/pdfs/2012-12_Rodenticide_comments_to_DPR.pdf
12) Cypher, B.L., McMillin, S.C. , Westall, T.L., Van Horn Job, C., Hosea, R.C. Finlayson, B.J. and Kelly, E.C., “Rodenticide Exposure Among Endangered Kit Foxes Relative to Habitat Use in an Urban Landscape. “Cities and the Environment 7(1): Article 8 (2014).
13) Ceballos, G., et al, “Accelerated modern human–induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction.” Science Advances 19 Jun 2015: Vol. 1, no. 5, e1400253, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1400253. ” … the number of species that have gone extinct in the last century would have taken, depending on the vertebrate taxon, between 800 and 10,000 years to disappear. These estimates reveal an exceptionally rapid loss of biodiversity over the last few centuries, indicating that a sixth mass extinction is already under way.” — From the Abstract.
14) Pope Francis, ENCYCLICAL LETTER LAUDATO SI’ OF THE HOLY FATHER FRANCIS ON CARE FOR OUR COMMON HOME. “The destruction of the human environment is extremely serious, not only because God has entrusted the world to us men and women, but because human life is itself a gift which must be defended from various forms of debasement.” — One of many quotes beautifully describing the crisis we are in regarding climate change and our relationship to the Earth.
15) L Mott, D Fore, J Curtis, G Solomon, Chapter 5, Pesticides: Our Children At Risk, Natural Resources Defense Council, November 1997. Comprehensive summary of the effects of pesticides on children.
16) Talk about the dangers of glyphosates/RoundUp by Dr. Stephen Frantz, pathobiologist and expert on pesticides: Poison Free Malibu YouTube channel
• Cities and Counties that have passed Resolutions Against Rodent Poisons with links:
Agoura Hills 2/12/2014
Hidden Hills, 3/24/2014
Simi Valley, 4/20/2015
Thousand Oaks, 4/14/2015
Westlake Village, 4/23/2014
El Cerrito, 9/19/2012
Foster City, 7/15/2013
Humboldt County, 5/14/2013
Marin County, 5/1/2012
Menlo Park, 10/20/2015
Portola Valley, 3/22/2017
San Anselmo, 3/26/2013
San Francisco (City and County), 12/2/2011
Santa Cruz County, 6/6/2017
Here is a map of the cities around the Santa Monica Mountains with Resolutions
Our team at work at an Earth Day event in Malibu.
Earth Friendly Angels
Major Contributors, $1000 or more
City of Malibu
Joel and Kian Schulman
Richard and Ann Buxie
Victoria Principal Foundation
June and Jeff Louks
The Malibu Agricultural Society
Donna Kaplan and Lou Arcay
Chris and Paula Murphy
Please donate by:
1) Mailing a check made out to Poison Free Malibu to
Social and Environmental Entrepreneurs
23532 Calabasas Road, Suite A
Calabasas CA 91302 OR
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Poison Bait Boxes
Mice and rats go in these boxes, eat the poison, and then go out to get eaten by and poison other animals. They DO NOT die and stay in the boxes! They take up to 10 days to die, making them easy prey.
Poisons For Sale
These poisons that are being sold in stores in Italy have been banned for sale in the United States because they poison wildlife, pets, and children.
Trash on the ground, open trash containers and dumpsters supply food to the rats and mice! This is the problem to be solved.
All holes in buildings MUST BE SEALED COMPLETELY so mice cannot get in.
Closed trash containers and dumpsters SOLVES the problem. Rats and mice have nothing to eat. This is how mouse and rat problems are stopped.