Information on Rodent Poisons

Animals who feed on poisoned rodents become poisoned in turn!

MISSION STATEMENT
Our mission is to educate the public about the problems with pesticides, how they affect the wildlife food chain and our total environment, and to offer viable solutions. Pesticides are in the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat. The overall health of our children, pets, wildlife and environment is our goal.

We are a 501(c)(3) nonprofit (ID 95-4116679)

VOLUNTEERS NEEDED – Agoura Hills and Calabasas
We need volunteers to help educate the public and businesses concerning the rat poison distributed in poison bait boxes put out by the commercial pest control companies.
Please send us an email if you would like to help: PoisonFreeMalibu@gmail.com

flogoFacebook: Poison Free Malibu Facebook Page

Poison Free Malibu song
Click to listen to the Poison Free Malibu song written especially for us by the great band Karma Dealers
Table of Contents (click on a title to go there)
Here is what rodent poison is doing to our wildlife –
P34BeforeAfterFound in Point Mugu State Park. Link to NPS report here.
MountainLionBeforeEFMMountainLionAfterP3BobCatBeforeEFM BobCatAfterEFMCoyoteEFM
Owls and hawks are frequent victims. This was taken next to the Chatsworth Nature Preserve.
Owls and hawks are frequent victims. Three baby owlets bled to death like this one. This was taken next to the Chatsworth Nature Preserve.  — Photo by Christina Walsh
Mountain Lion P-22, The Heroic Griffith Park Mountain Lion

P-22 had been featured in National Geographic Magazine.
Click HERE for a Los Angeles CBS news video on P-22.
A National Public Radio story here.
The National Park Service press release detailing how 1st generation anticoagulant rodent poisons were the culprit is here. The 2nd generation anticoagulants are the only ones recently banned for consumer use, but this is an indication that the 1st generation anticoagulants are also doing tremendous harm.

Before
Healthy and roaming the Hollywood Hills

After
Sick with mange caused by 1st generation anticoagulant rodent poisoning – diphacinone and chlorophacinone.

CITY OF MALIBU RESOLUTION OPPOSING RODENT POISONS

July 8, 2013

The City Council urges businesses in Malibu to no longer use or sell anticoagulant rodenticides, urges all property owners to cease purchasing or using anticoagulant rodenticides on their properties in Malibu and commits the City of Malibu to not use anticoagulant rodenticides as part of its maintenance program for City-owned parks and facilities.

How rodent poisons spread through the ecosystem, poisoning the wildlife

Malibu is adjacent to thousands of acres of National, State, County and City Parks and other preserved natural land. Modern supertoxic rodent poisons are spreading throughout the ecosystem causing massive exposure, disease, and death beyond the intended targets. Our goal is to have all the communities surrounding our mountains taking strong stands against the poisoning that is now occurring.

Scientific studies tell us that rodent poisons are a leading cause of death among carnivores. Rodent poisons kill the targeted species, but non-targeted species as well. The animals in the food chain consuming the poisoned rodents include – Golden Eagles, Great-horned Owls, Barn Owls, Hawks, Kestrels, Turkey Vultures, Black bears, Pigs, Fishers, Foxes, Badgers, Snakes, Skunks, Raccoons, Bobcats, Coyotes, Mountain Lions, among others.
• Click here to watch (and share) a simple and effective 2 minute video by Steve Byerly of the Ventura County Start describing how the poisons go up the food chain.
• Click here to watch a 14 minute video by Dr. Seth Riley, Wildlife Ecologist of the Santa Monica Mountains National Park Service and adjunct professor at UCLA. It is an excellent introduction to the science of what is happening.
• Words of wisdom from Duane Tom, Chief Veterinarian at the California Wildlife Center in Malibu – On Common Ground: Rodenticides, an unnecessary poison Bottom line: “There is no good long-term reason for using any form of rodenticide.  By controlling their populations through natural means, we can help preserve the natural ecosystem health of all wildlife that lives around us.”

2.3.15.finalchart

Rodent Poison Going Up the Food Chain – courtesy of UrbanCarnivores.com

These are animals that we rely on to do our natural rodent control, and we are poisoning them. By killing owls and hawks, we are removing nature’s own rodent control system. A rodent dying from rodent poisoning is easy prey. Eating the poisoned rodents causes their consumers to bleed uncontrollably internally and die slow and agonizing deaths. The weakened immune system produces extreme emaciation, dehydration, and mange that can take weeks to kill the animal.

There are extensive studies with overwhelming evidence of the carnage that rodent poisons have been causing nationwide and in our own surrounding Santa Monica Mountains. Here are some examples. Numbers in “[ ]” refer to documents in the Section “Technical and Academic Articles” below.

Coyotes

83% of coyotes in the Santa Monica Mountains were exposed to rodent poisons [4].

Bobcats

92% of bobcats tested in the Los Angeles area have been exposed to rodent poisons [5].
– The complete loss of bobcats from many open space areas in the Conejo Valley due to increased vulnerability to the deadly disease mange, caused by exposure to rodent poisons [5].
– Survival rate (percentage that live from one year to the next) plunged from 77% to a low of 23% in 2004. The reduced population’s survival rate has recovered somewhat to 58% [5].
– In a study of 195 bobcat blood samples in five southern California counties, the 1st generation anticoagulant diphacinone was found in 77% of the bobcats in which anticoagulants were detected. This emphasizes that the 1st generation anticoagulants are also doing tremendous harm, not just the more widely restricted 2nd generation poisons. See www.urbancarnivores.com/laurels-blog.

Mountain Lions

–  Three studies:

  • Of 104 mountain lions tested California-wide from 2005 to 2011, 82 contained rodent poisons, with 78% containing more than one kind [6].
  • Of  28 mountain lions found in eight California counties that were tested between 1997 and 2011, 100% tested positive for at least one of the 2nd generation rodent poisons,  96% tested positive for brodifacoum, 93% tested positive for bromadiolone,  39% tested positive for difethialone and 61% tested positive for the 1st generation rodent poisons diphacinone [7].
    Note that this 1st generation anticoagulant is doing tremendous harm also, not just the more restricted 2nd generation anticoagulants.
  • 14 out of 14 mountain lions tested by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife in 2012 had rodent poisons [3].

– 2 Simi Valley mountain lions (P3 and P4) were  documented to have died directly from rodent poison exposure.
– Last October 2012 a young female mountain lion (P25) was found dead by hikers with rodent poisons in her system in Point Mugu State Park, Malibu.

Raptors

– A Department of Fish and Wildlife study stated “as of 2010, 92% of raptors (owls and hawks) collected in San Diego County and 79% collected in the Central Valley contained anticoagulant rodenticides” [8]

Fishers

85% found exposed to rodent poisons of 101 studied for exposure [9]. Fishers are cat-sized weasel-type carnivores  that live in the rugged portions of the southern Sierra Nevada and are candidates for listing under the Endangered Species Act.

San Joaquin Kit Foxes

74% of 68 foxes sampled of this endangered variety studied near Bakersfield, California were  exposed to anticoagulant poisons [12]. This subspecies is listed as Federal Endangered and California Threatened, primarily due to profound habitat loss and degradation throughout its range.

• National Park Service summary letter

Here is a letter from the National Park Service dated July 8, 2013 in support of the Malibu anti-rodent poison Resolution – NPSLetter.  It summarizes the situation, including the statement – “Our research suggests an interaction between anti-coagulant rodenticide exposure and death from mange and mange deaths resulting in the complete loss of bobcats from many open space areas in the Conejo Valley.

• No Safe Poisons – Children & Pets

childrenpetsCurrent studies have proven that there are no safe poisons that can be used around wildlife, pets, and children. Approximately 10,000 children a year are accidentally exposed to mouse and rat baits, as graphically described in this Scientific American article. Ten rodent poisons have been identified by the US EPA as being particularly dangerous – Brodifacoum, Bromadiolone, Bromethalin, Chlorophacinone, Cholecalciferol, Difenacoum, Difethialone, Diphacinone, Warfarin, and Zinc Phosphide. They are specifically referenced in the US EPA document “Risk Mitigation Decision for Ten Rodenticides, May 28, 2008 (revised June 24, 2008)”. These and all other rodent poisons should be abandoned for rodent control in California.

Here are references on the danger to pets:

It is imperative that we do our part to stop the use of poisons to control rodents and to prevent these poisons from killing other species that feed on them.

JuliePoster

• There is much more information at Dr. Laurel Serieys’s Urban Carnivores website:

Dr. Laurel Serieys is a researcher at UCLA’s Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Her website is the place to start.
– Home Page
www.urbancarnivores.com
– Please read Laurel’s adviceNO POISON IS A GOOD POISON www.urbancarnivores.com/poisons
– Laurel’s blog, including her latest research:
www.urbancarnivores.com/laurels-blog

How to identify anticoagulant rodent poisons

First, please read the section in Laurel’s Urban Carnivores website No Poison Is A Good Poison (near the center of the long page). There is no poison that does not present a risk to wildlife, pets, and humans. At present, the strongest documented data points to anticoagulant rodent poisons as being the most damaging to wildlife.

There are two categories of anticoagulants. LOOK AT THE PRODUCT LABEL to determine the type of poison.
1) Second generation. Products that have any of the following active ingredients are in this category: brodifacoum, bromadiolone, difethialone, and difenacoum. These are the most advanced, and dangerous, poisons. They are banned for consumer use in the United States, but are VERY commonly used by the professional pest control companies.
2) First generation. Most common active ingredients are diphacinone, chlorophacinone, and warfarin. These are less potent, BUT —

1st Generation Anticoagulant Rodent Poisons are not the solution!

2nd generation anticoagulants get most of the bad publicity and blame for poisoning wildlife, but recent research suggests that 1st generation anticoagulants (diphacinone, chlorophacinone and others) are no better. Here is a handout we made summarizing the evidence concerning  the far more abundant 1st generation anticoagulants.P22Diphacinone

• We’ve got to get rid of these – poison bait boxes!

TrashEFMPlease help stop the use of poisons to control rodents and to prevent these poisons from killing other species that feed on them. The first step is to identify the poison bait boxes where the rodents load up on poisons and then leave, initiating the Chain of Death. Please see this TV news story to see the bait boxes at their worst.

• Local Poison Free Businesses

Our educational campaign resulted in Malibu merchants removing all rodent poison products from their shelves. There had been six – Ralphs, CVS Pharmacy, Pavilions, Malibu Hardware, A&B Plumbing, and Malibu Ranch Market. Sperling Nursery, Ralphs, RiteAid, and Albertsons in Calabasas; and Agoura Feed and Roadside Lumber in Agoura Hills have also enthusiastically removed their poison products.
Please THANK these local merchants!

MerchantsWe would also very much like to recognize the following local Malibu businesses that do not use poisons, but instead use careful sanitation practices.
THIS IS THE PROOF THAT POISONS ARE NOT THE WAY TO GO BECAUSE …
They have no exposed garbage, no rodent problem, and no poisons!
Please patronize and thank them!
We also have noticed that businesses that do not clean up their garbage STILL HAVE RODENTS, NO MATTER HOW MUCH POISON THEY USE!

NoPoisonBusinesses
MountainLionFriendlyProclEFMWebsite150

• Alternatives for Rodent Control without Poisons – THE SOLUTION IS SIMPLE!
The solution is CLEAN UP, SEAL UP, TRAP UP!

  • Close tightly trash cans and dumpsters, and keep the area clean of spillage.
  • Keep areas clean of food and water that feed rodents.
  • Seal up all holes and openings into your home and attic.
  • Thin dense planting areas where rodents can breed.
  • From the San Francisco Chronicle,Flowers That Deter Animals” include “aromatic annual herbs, such as mint, lavender and catnip. For perennial plants that repel mice, consider amaryllis (Amaryllis), lavender (Lavandula) or daffodils (Narcissus).”
  • Understand that rodents are part of the food chain for owls, hawks, foxes, bobcats, coyotes,  mountain lions, and many others.
  • For professional help, hire a rodent exclusion/proofing company instead of a conventional poison-supplying pest control company. They SOLVE the problem by removing the causes and entryways, with guarantees, not set you up for a monthly bill to re-supply unnecessary poisons. Examples in southern California are:
    1) www.rodentsstop.com          Phone: 818-583-7287
    2) www.greenratcontrol.com    Phone: 855-856-8585

SealItUpYou MUST seal holes like this which serve as rodent entryways!

  • After sealing up, use traps to remove rodents left inside – live traps, snap traps, electric traps. Outside traps are unnecessary.
  • NEVER use sticky traps! This is a cruel and inhumane method.

DumpsterBeforeAfterThis is what feeds and produces rodents – GARBAGE!
Trash CANNOT overflow and LIDS MUST BE CLOSED and the area clean.
Watch this video that shows what happens with open trash – rats overrunning neighborhood: http://www.whec.com/news/rats-overtake-irondequoit-blame-dumpster-residents/4479763/

California Department of Pesticide Regulation:
Excellent series of YouTube videos on what to do to control rodents. It is specifically for schools, but the strategies are the same for anyone —
Integrated Pest Management for Schools.
There are short videos for
Rats and MiceGophersPest Proofing Buildings,  and others.

• Safe Rodent Control Coalition: This is a group that promotes resources to help manage rodents safely, effectively, and affordably without the harmful impacts of chemical rodent control methods — saferodentcontrol.org

• Where to discard rodent poisons

Rodent poisons CANNOT go into ordinary trash pickup, or even some of  the “hazardous household waste” events in many cities. They must be taken to special Collection Centers at specific days and times. In Los Angeles City and County, these Centers can be found at
www.lacitysan.org/solid_resources/special/hhw/safe_centers/

Information on where to bring hazardous waste in Ventura County can be found at the following link. Please check which Centers accept rodent poison by calling the indicated phone numbers:  portal.countyofventura.org/portal/page/portal/PUBLIC_WORKS/wasteManagement/hazardous_waste/haz_waste_collection_events

• Owl Boxes

Some links we have found on owl boxes, especially in regard to vineyards:

– Israel has made a huge investment in owl boxes for agricultural, and it is paying off:
a) The Israeli-Jordan barn owl love that knows no borders
b) Israel leads the way using Barn Owls and Kestrels to replace Rodenticides
c) Project Bird Box Israel
– Potential for Barn Owl as Rodent Biological Control in Central California Vineyards: digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1018&context=biosp
– Barn Owls as a means of rodent controls: www.hungryowl.org
– Buying Barn Owl boxes, and a lot of information about them: www.barnowlbox.com and www.naturesremedy.co/
– How to build your won Barn Owl Box: BuildingBarnOwlBoxes
Barn Owls in Integrated Pest Management
– Non-Toxic Rodent Control
Barn owl boxes in vineyards in Lodi, CA
Pamphlet on barn owl boxes

Our Informational Pamphlet and others –
pamphlet-cover

pamphlet-inside-jns

And this one is from the city of Malibu Environmental Sustainability Department –
City of Calabasas Environmental Commission’s Pamphlet – CalabasasPamphlet1

CalabasasPamphlet2

• Friends and Allies

– Raptors Are The Solution

The leader of this effort in northern California is Lisa Viani who heads up the Raptors Are The Solution group.
She has a lot of up to date news on her Facebook page –
www.facebook.com/RaptorsAreTheSolution
Her website has some more information and links –
www.raptorsarethesolution.org/
Lisa has put three great videos on YouTube – www.youtube.com/user/raptorsrthesolution

– California Wildlife Center

The CWC takes responsibility for the protection of all native wildlife through rehabilitation, education and conservation. – cawildlife.org

– Santa Monica Mountains Fund

Protecting the Santa Monica Mountains and the wondrous species that call it home. – samofund.org

– Las Virgenes Homeowners Federation

The voice and conscience of the Santa Monica Mountains since 1968 – lvhf.org

– Wildcare of SoCal

Through the efforts of concerned and caring humans, many animals can be rehabilitated. Wildlife Care of SoCal is a group of volunteers dedicated to helping individual wild animals in need.wildcareofventura.org

– Santa Susana Mountain Park Association

Preserving and protecting the Santa Susana Mountains and Simi Hills of Southern California – ssmpa.com

– Sierra Club San Fernando Valley

A very active chapter and strong supporters of protecting wildlifeangeles2.sierraclub.org/san_fernando_valley_group

– National Parks Conservation Association

The mission of the National Parks Conservation Association is to protect and enhance America’s National Parks for present and future generationswww.npca.org

– Topanga Creek Watershed Committee

The mission of the TCWC is to preserve, protect and improve the health and well-being of the Topanga Creek Watershed by educating stakeholders to act in support of this valuable and fragile ecosystem. We actively promote non-toxic and bio-friendly solutions to environmental issues, and oppose the use of herbicides and pesticides.

– Topanga Wildlife Youth Project

Locally, we also work closely with this Topanga youth group, the Topanga Wildlife Youth Project, led by Connie Najah. She maintains two websites –
www.facebook.com/topangawildlife
topangawildlife.org

• California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR)
new rules banning 2nd gen anticoagulants from consumers use – July 1, 2014.

– Here is the official CDPR website stating and explaining the new July 1, 2014 regulations banning consumer use of 2nd generation anticoagulant rodent poisons. Includes technical arguments supporting the rule change in the document “Initial Statement of Reasons” and responses to public comment in “Attachment A” of Final Statement of Reasons.
www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/legbills/rulepkgs/13-002/13-002.htm

• New Santa Monica Mountains Local Coastal Plan banning all anticoagulant rodent poisons – October 10, 2014.

– Former Los Angeles County Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky spearheaded a major revision of the development regulations for the unincorporated areas of the Santa Monica Mountains within the Coastal Zone boundary. See a map for where it applies here. One of its clauses reads –

“The use of insecticides, herbicides, anti-coagulant rodenticides, or any toxic chemical substance which has the potential to significantly degrade biological resources in the Santa Monica Mountains, shall be prohibited, except where necessary to protect or enhance the habitat itself …”

All the details are here at planning.lacounty.gov/coastal/smm.
See especially clause CO-58 in the “SMM LCP Land Use Plan”

• State Bill AB 2657 – September 10, 2014

– State Assemblyman Richard Bloom successfully put through a law signed by the Governor on September 19, 2014. It bans the use of 2nd generation anticoagulant rodent poisons on state wildlife habitat areas, meaning state parks, wildlife refuges, and conservancies. The official bill can be found here –
http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=201320140AB2657

• State Bill AB 1687 – January 2017

– We are working with State Assemblyman Richard Bloom and allied organizations to further restrict rodent poisons in California. This is in progress.  The current official bill wording, which may evolve, can be found here –
AB 1687

Blogs and other articles

Here is a link to more news articles –   Recent Articles

– Blog by our great nature journalist for the Malibu Surfside News, Suzanne Guldimann. Here is the main page and two articles on rodent poisons and wildlife.
TheMalibuPost.blogspot.com
themalibupost.blogspot.com/2014/03/rodenticide-update.html
themalibupost.blogspot.com/2014/03/strong-poison.html

– “Silent Spring Revisited”
Article from the Kansas Audubon Society illustrating how the process of collusion among the rodent poison chemical companies, academic researchers, and the EPA allow clearly damaging poisons to be applied for short term financial benefit.
earthfriendlymanagementdotcom1.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/silent-spring-prairie-wings.pdf

– It’s not just the California, or the USA. It’s all over the world.
Nearly No Barn Owls Left in Ireland
trevorskitchengarden.ie/2013/12/02/nearly-no-barn-owls-left-in-ireland-careless-use-of-rat-poisin-a-factor-2nd-wk-in-nov-2013/

– Blog by Stella McMillin of the California Department of Fish & Wildlife Wildlife Investigations Laboratory
calwil.wordpress.com/author/stellamcm/

– “The Food Chain of Rodenticide
January 20, 2014 three minute radio story on American Public Media’s MarketPlace
www.marketplace.org/topics/sustainability/food-chain-rodenticide

– TED Talk. “For more wonder, rewild the world”. Wonderful talk on how restoring the top carnivore, in this case wolves, restores an entire ecosytem:
www.ted.com/talks/george_monbiot_for_more_wonder_rewild_the_world.html

The Malibu Surfside News, its former Editor/Publisher Anne Soble, and its great environmental reporter Suzanne Guldimann are a major reason we started this campaign.
– “Banning Rodenticides: The Next Hurdle” from the Malibu Surfside News, December 13, 2012. Editorial.
209.197.71.25/stories/201212/201212130006.html
– “Concerns about Rodenticide Impact on Wildlife Prod Efforts to Curb Use” from the Malibu Surfside News, December 6, 2012. Malibu Agricultural Society effort to stop sales in Malibu.
209.197.71.25/stories/201212/201212060002.html
–  “Use of Rodenticides at High School Raises Issues of Health and Safety” from the Malibu Surfside News, September 15, 2011.
209.197.71.25/stories/201109/201109150005.html

– “Rodenticide information session draws out Malibu activists” from the Malibu Surfside News, March 17, 2014.
www.malibusurfsidenews.com/rodenticide-information-session-draws-out-malibu-activists

– “State Preemption Law – The battle for local control of democracy”
This article explains how the agriculture and pest control industries put through a law preventing local cities and counties from regulating pesticides. It all started when Mendocino County tried to protect their children from spraying with herbicides.
https://www.beyondpesticides.org/assets/media/documents/lawn/activist/documents/StatePreemption.pdf

• Technical and Academic Articles

1) California Department of Pesticide Regulation on their new rules to ban consumer use of 2nd generation anticoagulant rodent poisons.
BEST SINGLE SUMMARY  and review of the latest data on the damage to wildlife in California. June 27, 2013  memorandum from Deborah Daniels, Senior Environmental Scientist to Ann Prichard, Chief, Pesticide Registration Branch, both of the California Department of Pesticide Regulation.

2) These are two long technical reports from a scientific panel reporting to the US Environmental Protection Agency. There is a lot of information not found easily elsewhere. In particular they discuss several different kinds of rodent poisons, including first generation anticoagulants, second generation, and non-anticoagulants such as bromethalin and strychnine.
federal.eregulations.us/rulemaking/document/EPA-HQ-OPP-2011-0718-0086
federal.eregulations.us/rulemaking/document/EPA-HQ-OPP-2013-0049-0002

3) Slides from November 2012 presentation by Stella McMillin of the California Department of Fish & Wildlife Wildlife Investigations Laboratory – “Anticoagulant  Rodenticides: Secondary Poisoning of Wildlife in California
caforestpestcouncil.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/stella-Mcmillin.pdf

4) Coyotes. Gehrt SD, Riley SPD.  In book Urban Carnivores edited by SD Gehrt, SPD Riley, BL Cypher. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 79-95 (2010).

5) Bobcats.
a) L. E. K. Serieys, T. C. Armenta, J. G. Moriarty, E. E. Boydston, L. M. Lyren, R. H. Poppenga, K.R.Crooks, R.K.Wayne, S.P.D.Riley, “Anticoagulant rodenticides in urban bobcats: exposure, risk factors and potential effects based on a 16-year study,” Ecotoxicology (2015) 24:844–862
b) Riley SPD, Boydston EE, Crooks KR, Lyre, LM. In book Urban Carnivores edited by SD Gehrt, SPD Riley, BL Cypher. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 121-138 (2010).
c) Also, see Riley, SPD, et al, “Anticoagulant Exposure and Notoedric Mange in Bobcats and Mountain Lions in Urban Southern California,” Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(6):1874-1884 (2007).

6) Mountain Lions.  July 11, 2011 Letter from John McCammon, Director, California Department of Fish and Game to Christopher Reardon, Acting Director of California Department of Pesticide Regulation.

7) Mountain Lions. Table 4, page 11 of June 27, 2013 memorandum from Deborah Daniels, Senior Environmental Scientist to Ann Prichard, Chief, Pesticide Registration Branch, both of the California Department of Pesticide Regulation.

8) Owls and Hawks (Raptors). Lima, L. L., and Salmon, T. P. “Assessing some potential environmental impacts from agricultural anticoagulant uses.”  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 24:199–203 (2010).

9) Fishers.
a) Gabriel, M.W., et al, “Patterns of Natural and Human-Caused Mortality Factors of a Rare Forest Carnivore, the Fisher in CaliforniaPublic Library of Science One, 0140640, #11, Vol. 10, November 2015.
b) Gabriel, M. W., et al, “Anticoagulant Rodenticides on our Public and Community Lands: Spatial Distribution of Exposure and Poisoning of a Rare Forest Carnivore.Public Library of Science One, 0040163, #7, Vol. 7, July 2012.

10) “Potential Risks of Nine Rodenticides to Birds and Nontarget Mammals: A Comparative Approach,” William Erickson and Douglas Urban, US Environmental Protection Agency, July 2004. This 230 page report is an often cited classic in the field.

11) The Center for Biological Diversity is a national leader protecting the environment, including legal action. This is a detailed summary of their argument to the California Department of Pesticide Regulation – www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/pesticides_reduction/pdfs/2012-12_Rodenticide_comments_to_DPR.pdf

12) Cypher, B.L., McMillin, S.C. , Westall, T.L., Van Horn Job, C., Hosea, R.C. Finlayson, B.J. and Kelly, E.C., “Rodenticide Exposure Among Endangered Kit Foxes Relative to Habitat Use in an Urban Landscape.”Cities and the Environment 7(1): Article 8 (2014).

13) Ceballos, G., et al, “Accelerated modern human–induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction.” Science Advances  19 Jun 2015: Vol. 1, no. 5, e1400253, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1400253. ” … the number of species that have gone extinct in the last century would have taken, depending on the vertebrate taxon, between 800 and 10,000 years to disappear. These estimates reveal an exceptionally rapid loss of biodiversity over the last few centuries, indicating that a sixth mass extinction is already under way.” — From the Abstract.

14) Pope Francis, ENCYCLICAL LETTER LAUDATO SI’ OF THE HOLY FATHER FRANCIS ON CARE FOR OUR COMMON HOME. “The destruction of the human environment is extremely serious, not only because God has entrusted the world to us men and women, but because human life is itself a gift which must be defended from various forms of debasement.” — One of many quotes beautifully describing the crisis we are in regarding climate change and our relationship to the Earth.

15) L Mott, D Fore, J Curtis, G Solomon, Chapter 5, “Pesticides”, Our Children at Risk, Natural Resources Defense Council, November 1997. Comprehensive summary of the effects of pesticides on children.

16) Talk about the dangers of glyphosates/RoundUp by Dr. Stephen Frantz, pathobiologist and expert on pesticides: Poison Free Malibu YouTube channel

• Cities and Counties that have passed Resolutions Against Rodent Poisons with links:

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
Agoura Hills
,
2/12/2014
Calabasas, 9/11/2013
Camarillo, 3/8/2017
Hidden Hills, 3/24/2014
Malibu, 7/8/2013
Moorpark, 11/6/2013
Ojai, 2/25/2014
Simi Valley, 4/20/2015
Thousand Oaks, 4/14/2015
Westlake Village, 4/23/2014
Whittier, 8/13/2013

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA
Albany
, 2/19/2011
Belmont, 10/9/2012
Berkeley, 1/17/2012
Brisbane, 6/3/2013
Davis, 4/15/2014
El  Cerrito, 9/19/2012
Emeryville, 8/21/2012
Fairfax, 9/4/2013
Foster City, 7/15/2013
Humboldt County, 5/14/2013
Marin County, 5/1/2012
Menlo Park, 10/20/2015
Portola Valley, 3/22/2017
Richmond, 2/21/2012
San Anselmo, 3/26/2013
San Francisco (City and County), 12/2/2011
Santa Cruz County, 6/6/2017

Our team at work at an Earth Day event in Malibu.

AllBooth

_________________________________________________________________

Earth Friendly Angels

AngelKiss
Major Contributors, $1000 or more

City of Malibu
Joel and Kian Schulman
Richard and Ann Buxie
Cornucopia Foundation
Victoria Principal Foundation
June and Jeff Louks
The Malibu Agricultural Society
Reisha Delug
Danny Moder
Kelly Meyer
Donna Kaplan and Lou Arcay

Italy Trip Section

2.3.15.finalchart

Poison Bait Boxes

Mice and rats go in these boxes, eat the poison, and then go out to get eaten by and poison other animals. They DO NOT die and stay in the boxes! They take up to 10 days to die, making them easy prey.

 

Poisons For Sale

 

These poisons that are being sold in stores in Italy have been banned for sale in the United States because they poison wildlife, pets, and children.

Trash on the ground, open trash containers and dumpsters supply food to the rats and mice! This is the problem to be solved.

 

All holes in buildings MUST BE SEALED COMPLETELY so mice cannot get in.

 

Closed trash containers and dumpsters SOLVES the problem. Rats and mice have nothing to eat. This is how mouse and rat problems are stopped.

 

 

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16 thoughts on “Information on Rodent Poisons

  1. Thank you….countless animals have died here recently, I live in Prescott, Az. I am mourning the loss of the great horned owl family that has been here for generations and haven’t seen the bobcats for awhile, nor the bull snake or ringtail residents. My feral cat was smart enough to not eat one she found but what about the next time?
    POISON IS POISON! Who do we humans think we are to create so much destruction?
    Thank you.

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    1. Thank you for visiting our site. Kian and Joel, the founders of poison free malibu, have great experience speaking to city councils all across the Santa Monica mountains to facilitate legislation to end the use of anti-coagulants. If you’d like them to train you to do the same in your area they would be grateful for the opportunity. Let us know if you’d like to have a phone conversation with them. You can contact me directly by my email at love.gibbs@gmail.com

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  2. Thank you for this information. I live in an HOA and I have been suggesting that we get rid of our poison bait stations for years. As you may know, the wheels of an HOA grind exceedingly slow. Is there a solution for a large complex such as ours. I’m sure we would be happy to change if we knew of alternatives. I sent this site to our Board and hopefully someone will contact you soon. Meanwhile, I really appreciate what you are doing.

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  3. It is a very good step indeed as lots of animals have died in past due to the anticoagulant rodenticides. The death of one animal affects the whole ecosystem and we are also a part of the ecosystem so we should take care of that.

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    1. Michelle,
      We are now working on banning rodenticides in the Coastal Zone in several cities/counties including Malibu, Santa Cruz, Ventura, Santa Barbara and Marin. San Clemente for about 1/2 mile inward from the ocean is in the Coastal Zone. If you would like to help include San Clemente in this effort, please email us at PoisonFreeMalibu@gmail.com. We have some momentum going with the Coastal Commission and another city will help.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Trying to do same in SC and NC and GA. People are absolute selfish psychopaths – upstanding citizens ! Nothing is coming between them and their poisons.

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  4. Is RatX ok to use to kill rats and mice? It appears to be widely sold. Claim is that it is not a poison and will not hurt wildlife other than rats and mice. Reason given is that they are anatomically different than other wildlife. Anyone know if this is true?
    ACTIVE INGREDIENTS:
    Corn gluten meal………………………………………………… 55%
    Sodium chloride……………………………………………………. 2 %
    INERT INGREDIENTS:
    Maltodextrin, Sorbitol, Wheat flour, Wheat germ oil … 43%
    Total ……………………………………………………………….. 100 %

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    1. Doug – We recommend solving the problem, i.e., eliminating food sources, harborage, holes in buildings, etc., that cause the rodent problem, not substituting. We don’t know if/how RatX works.

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    2. I think I see the poison – Chloride. Chlorine is extremely toxic, but will research this. A “Better” mouse trap (poison) would really really help the world tremendously. One that killed via another method – perhaps heroin derivative?

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  5. Tremendous site – found you through WildCare in Mill Valley. Almost all the affluent highly educated upper class uses it – they think their sh don’t stink. I think a public shaming site may be only effective solution. And start with the manufacturers then the users – our neighbors.

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