Repel Exclude Deter

 

Repel, Exclude, Deter

MICE & RATS

I. Repel

  • Plant a border of mint varieties, lavender, rosemary, sage, marigolds, snapdragons, geraniums.
  • Got mice in your car? See this link on our main page – Protect Your Car
  • New organic products are on the market which include balsam fir, peppermint, clove, cinnamon, hot pepper, garlic barrier concentrate

Professional-level deterrents for mice and rats are available. You can Do-It-Yourself or you can ask a pest control company.
DeTour repellent contains white pepper.
Sold in containers it is called RoadBlock.
PRO-PELL is made up of peppermint, rosemary, and citronella essential oils that contain the smells and tastes that rodents hate. It is sprayed on the foundation of a building and is not easily washed off.

II. Exclude

  • Seal all buildings. Do it yourself or hire a rodent exclusion company. Copper Blocker Pet Stopper is copper mesh to block holes.
  • Do not overfill trash cans or dumpsters and make sure the lids are tightly closed and no spillage on the ground.
  • Maintain a tightly closed barbecue and clean after every use.
  • Maintain garage doors closed with door sweeps. Seal all entry points.
  • Underground Barriers. A pea gravel trench barrier 6 inches deep in the ground and 2 feet wide.

III. Deter

  • Encourage biodiversity. Animals that eat and frighten rats, mice, gophers and ground squirrels – coyotes, domestic dogs and cats, foxes, and bobcats all monitor and capture at rodent burrow entrances; skunks, rattlesnakes, and gopher snakes corner rodents in their burrows. Owls and hawks capture above ground.
  • Consider owl boxes (one owl eats 1000 rodents a year!), and raptor nesting platforms. See our website: poisonfreemalibu.org/#owls
  • Pet food. Leave outside only enough for one feeding, this includes bird seeds. Pick up fallen fruit, use tree cuffs metal, plastic on large trees. Remove pet feces.
  • Remove piles of debris, vegetation, and plants that feed and conceal rodents, such as ivy.
  • Motion detecting water sprays Spray Away Motion Activated Sprinkler and Solar Powered Motion Activated Animal Repellent Sprinkler
  • Strobe lights: Background is here. A product using LEDsRid-A-Rat

GROUND SQUIRRELS & GOPHERS

I. Repel

  • Break up burrow holes with a rod and pack them down solidly. They do not like their burrows to be disturbed and they will eventually move on.
  • Before sealing up the burrow holes add a few repellents
  • Use vanilla flavored coffee beans one cup in each hole, garlic cloves, cat, dog, and human hair can be placed in the burrow before closing it up
  • Predator urine! GOT CATS? Kitty litter with urine can be placed in the burrows.
    Those golden balls are great for protecting your garden!
  • New Products. New organic products are on the market which include balsam fir, peppermint, clove, cinnamon, hot pepper, garlic barrier concentrate, cold brew coffee spray
  • Examples of Repellents:
    • Nature Mace rodent repellent contains essential oils peppermint, spearmint, garlic oils and putrescent egg. See naturesmace.com/product-category/rodent-repellent/
    • Critter Ridder uses a powerful pepper-based ingredient that impacts the animal’s senses of taste and smell, producing an effect that’s similar to biting into a red-hot jalapeño pepper.
    • Castor bean granules and oils have been reported to work well. Available at American Natural Products website.
    • Uncle Ian’s squirrel/gopher repellent pepper base – www.omri.org/ian-0844
    • Plants
      Daffodils, narcissus, most irises, dahlias, society garlic root systems form a natural barrier.

      Sour clover (Melilotus indicus) is a nitrogen fixer and has 8 foot long roots that repel gophers and ground squirrels. It was used in orchards for rodent control before the advent of pesticides. See Gopher Stopper Clover information.

II. Exclude

  • You can reduce or prevent damage significantly by using 1/4 to 1/2 inch gauge stainless steel mesh fencing to limit squirrels’ ability to invade your yard. Here is a company that supplies it: gopherslimited.com/wire-roll-installation
  • Install mesh fencing in front of openings, underneath porches, and around vegetation.
    To  exclude from foundations or crawlspaces/porches create an L- shaped barrier to at least 2 feet deep with the hardware cloth.
  • Surround a garden or field area with a trench barrier from 18 inches to 3 feet deep and 2 feet above the ground. Make an L-shaped bottom with the hardware cloth. 
  • Use hardware cloth to line your entire garden.
  • Construct a mesh cage around plants or the entire garden.
  • Here is a website for chew-proof netting – www.gardeners.com

III. Deter

  • Allowing food sources and debris to accumulate is like inviting squirrels for a snack. Maintain the cleanliness of your yard to avoid attracting rodents.
  • Rake up fallen berries, nuts, acorns, fruits and birdseed.
  • Clean up any leftover food, drinks or pet food.
  • Remove trash and secure garbage bins.
  • Consider owl boxes (one owl eats 1000 rodents a year!), and raptor nesting platforms. See our website section on owls.
  • Encourage biodiversity. Animals that eat and frighten rats, mice, gophers and ground squirrels – coyotes, domestic dogs and cats, foxes, and bobcats all monitor and capture at rodent burrow entrances; skunks, rattlesnakes, and gopher snakes corner rodents in their burrows. Owls and hawks capture above ground.

Glue Traps

Avoid glue traps. They are cruel and inhumane. References:
• Humane Society: www.humanepestcontroltips.com/sticky-glue-mouse-traps
 People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals:
www.peta.org/issues/wildlife/wildlife-factsheets/glue-traps
and
www.peta2.com/news/mouse-glue-traps
• CARE2www.care2.com/causes/7-humane-alternatives-to-glue-traps.html
• Wildcare: wc.convio.net/site/PageServer?pagename=TakeAction_GlueTraps

Never use traps outside your home!

Beware! A pest control company will tell you a fear story as to why you should have poison bait boxes outside of your home. Rats DO NOT die inside the poison bait boxes, they freely go out and poison other wildlife and pets. Repelling, excluding, and deterring is the solution for your home, not poisoning the environment outside.